Transitioning From Web Developer to Comic Book Author:

Withdrawal Agreement Override

Boris Johnson is drafting legislation to end the Brexit withdrawal deal on Northern Ireland, a step that threatens the collapse of the crisis talks, which the Prime Minister has said must be concluded within five weeks. The move, which was first reported by the Financial Times, would reduce parts of the UK`s agreement with the EU on state aid and customs regimes for Northern Ireland. It goes without saying that the British government believes that the original protocol is ambiguous enough to allow for a change of interpretation – a view that should be hotly contested by Brussels. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed. [19] MEPs voted in favour of the UK Internal Market Act, which would give the government the power to repeal the withdrawal agreement with the EU. The UK government has rejected EU calls to abolish bills that Brussels sees as a “clear violation” of the Brexit withdrawal agreement. 1 UK Internal Market Act, S 41 (1). 2 UK Internal Market Act, s 42. 3 UK Internal Market Act, S 42(3). 4 UK Internal Market Act, S 43 (1), 43 (2).

5 Northern Irish Protocol, Article 10, paragraph 1, 6, of the United Kingdom Internal Market Act, s 43 (3)) d). 7 Northern Irish Protocol, Article 13, paragraph 2, 8, United Kingdom Internal Market Law, s 45(1). 9 UK Internal Market Act, s 45 (2) (a). 10 EU-UK withdrawal agreement, Article 4. 11 European Union Withdrawal Act (withdrawal) 2018, p7. 12 HMG Legal status: UKIM Bill and Northern Ireland Protocol, (10 September 2020) 13 EU-Uk Withdrawal Agreement, Article 5. 14 European Commission, “Statement of the European Commission at the end of the extraordinary meeting of the EU-UK Joint Committee” (10 October 2010) 16 BBC, “Brexit: Buckland says that the power to withdraw from the withdrawal agreement is “insurance policy” (13 September 2020) , article 16, paragraph 1).